Science Of Motivation: How Different Types Of Motivation Helps Achieve Success

How motivation helps to achieve success

Topic Covered

  1. Types Of Motivation
  2. Balancing Between Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation

Introduction: Science Of Motivation

A complicated psychological concept, motivation is impacted by both internal and external circumstances. Extrinsic motivation derives from outside sources like rewards, whereas intrinsic motivation comes from interior wants and passions. Rewards trigger the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter linked to motivation and pleasure in the brain. People feel a sense of satisfaction and success after receiving rewards, which reinforces good behaviour and motivates repetition. The effectiveness of motivation through reward may be understood in large part thanks to this reinforcement cycle.

Types Of Motivation

The two unique types of motivation—intrinsic and extrinsic—that affect human behaviour and propel people toward their objectives are known as intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. For effective techniques to motivate and engage people in a variety of circumstances, including education, work, and personal growth, it is crucial to comprehend the differences between these two types of motivation.

Intrinsic Motivation

The inherent drive that originates from an individual is referred to as intrinsic motivation. It is based on one's own satisfaction, happiness, and the intrinsic interest or pleasure that comes from partaking in an activity. When someone is intrinsically motivated, they are driven by the activity itself rather than by incentives or consequences from outside sources. The act of learning or creating brings them delight, a sense of competence, and fulfilment.


  • A child enjoys the challenge of creating something new, which is why they play with blocks.
  • Because they are curious about the culture and history of the nation where the language is spoken, students are motivated to learn a new language.
  • An employee gives their time to support a nearby nonprofit organisation because they enjoy contributing to the community.
  • A writer of a novel does it because they like the imaginative process of developing their characters and stories.
  • A musician practises because they enjoy the sensation of creating music.

How to Effectively Use Intrinsic Motivation

  • Set hard yet attainable objectives.
  • Give people chances to learn and develop.
  • Encourage independence and initiative.
  • Give a positive review.

Extrinsic Motivation

On the other hand, extrinsic motivation is motivated by outside forces or rewards unrelated to the action. It entails looking for outside rewards to inspire behaviour and produce desired results, such as compliments, accolades, cash, grades, or promotions. The desire to avoid punishment or unfavorable outcomes, as well as the possibility of receiving external benefits, serve as the driving forces behind this behaviour. When certain actions or behaviours need to be encouraged or reinforced, extrinsic motivation can be useful in shaping behaviour. Extrinsic motivation is one of the most effective methods for persuading people to act. Extrinsic motivation isn't always the best technique to motivate others, it's crucial to remember that. Extrinsic motivation can occasionally cause intrinsic motivation to decline. A student might not be as driven to understand the information if there is no test, for instance, if their primary motivation for studying hard is to receive a good mark.


  • A student puts a lot of effort into their test preparation because they want to do well.
  • Because they want to receive a commission, salespeople put a lot of effort into closing deals.
  • An employee puts up a lot of effort to advance because they desire a greater income.
  • A young person who wants to avoid getting grounded cleans their room.
  • In order to lose weight, a person works out.

How to Effectively Use Extrinsic Motivation

  • Make sure the recipient values the rewards.
  • Adapt the awards to the recipient's preferences.
  • Change up the prizes you give out.
  • Make the benefits dependent on the intended actions.
  • Reward recipients on a regular basis.

Balancing Between Intrinsic & Extrinsic Motivation

For sustained motivation and long-term engagement, it's essential to strike a balance between inner and extrinsic incentive. An ideal motivational environment can be created by finding ways to capitalise on people's inherent motivation while simultaneously offering suitable extrinsic rewards. This might entail matching work to personal interests, offering insightful criticism and praise, and cultivating an environment that values both internal fulfilment and material rewards.

There are a number of things that we can do to balance intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. These include:

Set demanding but attainable objectives.

We are more likely to feel motivated to accomplish our goals when we are challenged. To prevent us from giving up, the objectives must also be reachable.

Presenting chances for education and development

We are more likely to be motivated when we have the chance to learn and develop. This could entail discovering new hobbies, taking on challenges, or gaining new skills.

Promoting independence and initiative

We are more likely to be motivated when we feel like we have some influence over our task. This entails granting us the discretion to select our own tasks, establish our own objectives, and reach our own conclusions.

Giving a favourable review

We are more inclined to feel motivated when we get good comments. To help us understand what we are doing well and where we can improve, this feedback should be specific and sincere.

Making appropriate use of extrinsic rewards

We can be motivated by extrinsic rewards, but they should only be employed sparingly. We risk losing our intrinsic motivation if we depend too heavily on extrinsic rewards.

Achieving the right balance for you

The balance between internal and extrinsic motivation cannot be achieved in a one-size-fits-all manner. One person's solution might not be suitable for another. Finding a balance that works for you and that enables you to stay motivated and accomplish your goals is crucial.

Also Read: Tips To Improve Your Public Speaking Skills


In conclusion, intrinsic motivation stems from feelings of fulfilment, happiness, and personal interest, whereas extrinsic motivation is fueled by rewards or consequences from the outside world. Understanding how to utilise and balance the two types of motivation can result in greater engagement, productivity, and overall enjoyment in a variety of spheres of life.